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CBSE Class 9 - Social Science - Political Science NCERT Notes

What is Democracy and Why Democracy

The chapter notes begin with a basic explanation of democracy. It enables a thorough understanding of the essential characteristics of a democratic type of government.

Additionally, the chapter discusses the distinctions between democratic and non-democratic forms of governance and examines why democracy is the most prevalent type of government in the world today and why it is spreading to other countries.

Electoral Politics

The chapter notes explain how representatives are elected. Additionally, we explain why elections are important and beneficial in a democratic society. The notes expand on how electoral rivalry between parties benefits the public and enables students to discern between democratic and non-democratic elections.

Democratic Rights

The chapter notes present several real-world examples that help students envision what it might be like to live without rights. Additionally, we analyse the definition of rights and why they are necessary. The notes also examine the Indian Constitution's Fundamental Rights.

Additionally, we learn about rights extension, how an average person can exercise these rights, and who will safeguard and enforce them.

Constitutional Design

The chapter notes underline the importance of establishing a constitution. How are constitutions written? Who and how are they designed? What are the values that shape democratic state constitutions? Can we amend a constitution after it is adopted to reflect changing circumstances?

Working of Institutions

The chapter notes provide an overview of the functioning of the democratic institutions that are critical in making crucial choices, including the legislature, executive, and judiciary. It discusses why rulers must adhere to certain laws and processes with and within institutions in order to manage a democratic government, as well as how significant decisions are made and implemented in India.

Additionally, we shall discuss the functions of these institutions. What ties these institutions together? What factors contribute to their more or less democratic functioning?

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