The Central Reserve Police Force was established as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939 and was renamed the Central Reserve Police Force on 28 December 1949 following the adoption of the CRPF Act. The Central Reserve Police Force recently celebrated 82 years of distinguished service.
Following Independence, a challenging administrative problem was the retention of CRP (Crown Representative Police). As 'law and order' is a State affair, everyone questioned the necessity of a Central police force, except Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who spoke forcefully and aggressively in favour of it.
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), which began with just two battalions as the CRP, has grown to a three-and-a-half lakh-strong force comprised of specialty wings such as the Rapid Action Force, the COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action), and the Special Duty Group. It is the world's largest paramilitary force, and no other security force in the country has undergone such rapid expansion.
Objective of CRPF
Keeping the Constitution in perspective, the Central Reserve Police Force's mission is to assist the government in effectively and efficiently maintaining law and order, public order, and internal security, while preserving national integrity and social harmony. and pave the way for development.
The CRPF's broad responsibilities include the following:
Control of riots
Counter-insurgency / counter-militancy operations.
Combating Left Wing Extremism
Coordination of large-scale security arrangements, particularly during elections in troubled areas.
Combating an adversary in the event of war.
Participating in UN peacekeeping missions per government policy.
Rescue and relief activities during natural disasters and calamities