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CBSE Class 10 - Social Science - History NCERT Notes

Rise of Nationalism in Europe

The chapter introduces to students about the concept of nationalism in Europe and how it influenced a series of revolutions inspired by the French revolution. We discuss about the social and economic structure of Europe during the 18th century and learn about the formation of modern nation states of Italy, Germany and Great Britain. The chapter also highlights events after Napoleon took power after the French revolution and the changes he brought to the administrative system which caught attention of other neighbouring empires.

The Making of a Global World

The chapter introduces students to the making of a global world with evolution of trade from ancient times using the silk road to the industrial revolution. We learn about how colonialism was used to further the interests of imperial nations for the benefit of trade. We highlight important events such as migration of indentured labour, slave trade, great depression and the formation of modern financial system.

Print Culture and Modern World

The chapter introduces students to the origins of print making and how the Chinese and Japanese technology was exported out to Europe. We also learn about the development of print technology and how it changed the social structure in Europe. We also highlight the coming of print to India and its impact on Indian nationalism and the lives of women, children and change in social structure.

Nationalism in India

The chapter introduces students as to how nationalism in India its association with anti-colonial movement. We learn about the role of Gandhi the different sections of Indian society against the British rule. We highlight the two important events : The Non-Cooperation Movement and The Civil Disobedience movement along with participation of various sections in these nationalist movements. Towards the end we discuss the making of a national identity.

The Age of Industrialization

The chapter introduces students to industrialisation in 17th and 18th century. We discuss how was manufacturing organised before industrialisation took place and transition to modern factories. The chapter highlights industrialisation in Indian context too with focus on early Indian entrepreneurs.

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