CBSE Class 12 - Political Science NCERT Notes
Cold War Era
The chapter introduces students to the 'Cold War Era', it draws a major contrast between the Cuban missile crisis to the alliance politics at the global stage. It also highlights the arenas of the cold war and other proxy wars that happened. The chapter also analyses the 'New International Economic Order'.
Era Of One Party Dominance
The chapter introduces students to the era of one party dominance in the Indian Politics. It also talks about the challenges of building a democracy, and how did the other opposition parties emerged in the political picture other than the Congress. We also highlight various political parties: Swatantra Party, Communist Party Of India.
India's External Relations
The chapter introduces students to the India's external relations and its foreign Policy. It also highlights the policy of Non-Alignment, the Afro-Asian Unity and the role played by India in Bangladesh War of 1971. The chapter also talks about the Chinese invasion and the Indo-Pakistan war.
The Crisis of Democratic Order
The chapter Introduces students to the time when Indian Politics witnessed to a rift between the Indra Gandhi and the other prominent leaders. We also highlight the most iconic era of the Indian Politics, the Emergency Era. The chapter analyses the consequences and the causes of the emergency.
Challenges To And the Restoration of The Congress System
The Chapter introduces student to the challenges that came across in the restoration of the Congress system in the Indian politics. It describes the multi dimensional political phase after Nehru. We also highlight the various general elections and the presidential elections and other interesting developments.