CBSE Class 12 - Political Science NCERT Notes
Cold War Era
The chapter introduces students to the 'Cold War Era', it draws a major contrast between the Cuban missile crisis to the alliance politics at the global stage. It also highlights the arenas of the cold war and other proxy wars that happened. The chapter also analyses the 'New International Economic Order'.
US Hegemony in World Politics
The chapter introduces students to the US Hegemony. It analyses what makes United States a super power also the cultural, economic and military aspects of the US Hegemony. We also highlights the constraints on the American Power.
Contemporary South Asia
The chapter introduces students to the geopolitics of South-Asia. It talks about all the role players in the region and their political relations with each other. We also highlight the India's relation with all the neighbour sates.
Security in the Contemporary World.
The chapter Introduces students to different notions of Security: Traditional and Non-Traditional. We also highlight cooperation among various states in arms control through various arms control treaties and the New sources of threats.
The chapter Introduces students to the political, economic and cultural consequences of globalisation. It analyses what role does it play in boosting the overall growth of the states in the global politics. We also highlight India's contribution at the global stage.
Era Of One Party Dominance
The chapter introduces students to the era of one party dominance in the Indian Politics. It also talks about the challenges of building a democracy, and how did the other opposition parties emerged in the political picture other than the Congress. We also highlight various political parties: Swatantra Party, Communist Party Of India.
India's External Relations
The chapter introduces students to the India's external relations and its foreign Policy. It also highlights the policy of Non-Alignment, the Afro-Asian Unity and the role played by India in Bangladesh War of 1971. The chapter also talks about the Chinese invasion and the Indo-Pakistan war.
The Crisis of Democratic Order
The chapter Introduces students to the time when Indian Politics witnessed to a rift between the Indra Gandhi and the other prominent leaders. We also highlight the most iconic era of the Indian Politics, the Emergency Era. The chapter analyses the consequences and the causes of the emergency.
The chapter introduces students to the various political aspiration of the regions in the Indian Sub Continent. The chapter talks about nation building, and the regional autonomy that the regions demanded. We also highlight various accord that took place: Punjab, North-East etc.
The End Of Bipolarity
The chapter introduces students to the soviet system and the disintegration of USSR. It also highlights the eastern and western alliance: Warsaw And NATO. The chapter also describes the shock therapy and its consequences.
Alternative Centres Of Power
The chapter introduces students to the different political structures: The European Union (EU) and the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN). We also highlights the EU's influence in various aspects and the rise of Chinese economy.
The chapter introduces students to the major political International Organisations and the role they play in the International Politics. We also highlight the various structures of United Nations and the the formation of League of Nations, IMF, World Bank, IAEA etc.