The chapter discusses the reasons behind power sharing and case studies of 2 countries namely Belgium and Sri Lanka. We highlight the methods of power sharing in the two countries; one with accomodation and the other with majoritarianism. We also learn various ways in which power is shared between different actors.
The chapter introduces the vertical sharing of power between different levels of government at Central and State Levels. We also learn about decentralisation of power in a federal country and types of federalism with special focus on different levels of power distribution in the Indian context.
Outcomes of Democracy
The chapter evaluates democracy as a political system and contrasts between other systems of political control. We highlight the limitations and benefits of a democracy and learn how a democracy promotes equality, enhances the individual's dignity and quality of decision-making process, provides a mechanism for resolving disputes.