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Policies For Physically Challenged


A number of initiatives have been launched to support and promote the interests of people who are physically challenged.


Stipends for Physically Handicapped Students Scheme


This scheme provides monetary and other assistance to disabled students from kindergarten to postgraduate level. Blindness, low vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, locomotor disability, mental retardation, and mental illness are all defined as disabilities under the Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1995, which must be certified by a competent medical authority of the State Government.


The Samarthya Scheme


It aims to help people with disabilities with their physical, social, economic, and psychological rehabilitation. Under the scheme, the state government plans to provide aids and appliances such as tricycles, hearing aids, and callipers, among other things.



Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme


As part of the National Social Assistance Program, Bihar implemented this scheme in 2009-10. The scheme is being implemented with funds provided by the Indian government.


  • Persons with disabilities (severe or multiple disabilities) aged 18 to 79 years who come from BPL families are eligible for a pension under this scheme. Pensions are paid through a savings account at the post office.


Assistance to Disabled Individuals in Purchasing and Installing Aids and Appliances (ADIP Scheme)


The programme is intended to assist low-income disabled individuals in obtaining durable, scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can aid in physical, social, and psychological rehabilitation while also mitigating the economic impact of disabilities. The program's aids and appliances must be certified.


National Awards for Persons with Disabilities Empowerment Scheme


To encourage the physically challenged, the government has established a scheme with categories such as best employee, best creative child, role models, and so on.


Scholarships for Disabled Students


The scheme for disabled students scholarships and grants provides financial assistance to students with disabilities. Scholarships are available for students enrolled in all levels of education, from kindergarten to university, as well as vocational and technical courses.


The Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)


The DDRS supports non-governmental organisations that assist disabled people, vocational training centres, halfway houses, community-based early intervention centres for disabled people, and leprosy rehabilitation.


India has also introduced a number of additional schemes aimed at promoting disability.


A National Conference on “Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)” was inaugurated by the union minister Thwarchand Gehlot, in April 2019

The Indian government has introduced a number of additional schemes aimed at promoting employment and self-employment.


For the disabled population, the government organises training and sheltered workshops. Banks lend to individuals who have little or no self-employment. Certain disabled individuals are assigned public types of businesses, such as tea stalls.


National Institutions


The ministry funds seven autonomous national institutes that provide services and train personnel with the overall goal of serving people with various disabilities.


  • National Institute for the Empowerment of Persons with Visual Disabilities (NIEPVD)


  • Ali Yavar Jung National Institute of Speech and Hearing Disabilities (AYJNISHD)


  • National Institute for the Empowerment of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities (NIEPID)


  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya National Institute for Persons with Physical Disabilities (Divyangjan) (P.D.U.N.I.P.P.D.)




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