Many great heroes contributed significantly to India's national effort to achieve independence. Some people believed in nonviolent methods, while others didn't. Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as 'Netaji,' was one of these heroes. To oust the British Empire from India, he formed the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fau). He achieved legendary status among the Indian populace as a result of his amazing efforts.
In the pre-independence era, Netaji was a ferocious and popular political leader with strong patriotism and bold imaginative ideals.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack on January 23, 1897, to a wealthy Bengali family. His father, Jankinath Bose, was a prominent lawyer, and his mother, Prabhavati, had a unique personality.
Subhas Chandra Bose was a gifted student from an early age. He attended Ravenshaw Collegiate School in Cuttack and received first place in the Calcutta province matriculation test. Later, he earned a First Class in Philosophy from Calcutta's Scottish Church College.
Swami Vivekananda's teachings had a profound influence on him as a student, and he was noted for his nationalistic zeal. To make his father happy, Netaji travelled to England to take the Indian Civil Service (ICS) Examination, where he placed fourth on the merit list. He, on the other hand, had no desire to serve the British. Instead, he desired to join the Nationalist Movement in order to liberate his Motherland.
Subhash Chandra Bose strongly believed that India could achieve political freedom only if it had political, military and diplomatic support from outside.
When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose returned to India, he was filled with patriotic fervour and was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, joining the Indian National Congress. He was an active member of the youth wing. On Gandhiji's orders, he began working for Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, whom he later referred to as his political mentor. He quickly established himself as a capable leader and rose through the ranks of the Congress.
Indian National Army
Captain Mohan Singh and Rash Behari Bose created the Indian National Army using Japanese Indian prisoners of war in September 1942, but it was split up in December 1942 due to differences among the organization's members.
However, the notion of a liberation army was revived, with the entrance of Subhas Chandra Bose. Rash Behari Bose passed over command of the organisation to Subhas Chandra Bose in July 1943.
Bose's most famous phrase was "Give me blood, and I will give you independence!"
He invited the Indian people to assist him in his battle against the British Raj in this letter. 'Delhi Chalo' and 'Jai Hind,' two of his other renowned lines, used as motivational slogans for the Indian National Army.
On the 18th of August, 1945, Subhas Chandra Bose perished in a plane crash over Taiwan while heading to Tokyo. His body, however, was never found. Many possibilities have been proposed as to how he might have survived. In the years 1999-2005, Justice Mukherjee constituted an inquiry commission to look into the Bose disappearance mystery.
He went on to say that an independent nation needed to create a national army to protect its sovereignty. Bose's earlier communication (before 1939) demonstrates his strong opposition to Nazi Germany's discriminatory actions and the abolition of democratic institutions.
Subhas Chandra Bose stated unequivocally that democracy was India's greatest option.