The Treaty of Saint-Germain was a peace treaty signed on September 10, 1919, between the Allied Powers and Austria-Hungary. The treaty was signed at the end of World War I, and it officially ended the state of war between the two countries.
Terms of the Treaty
Under the terms of the treaty, Austria-Hungary was forced to recognize the independence of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Poland. It also had to cede territory to Italy, Romania, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (which would later become Yugoslavia).
The treaty also imposed strict limits on the size and power of the Austrian military, and required the country to pay large reparations to the Allied Powers.
Additionally, Austria-Hungary was forbidden from forming any alliances or entering into any military agreements with Germany or its allies.
The Treaty of Saint-Germain was seen as a harsh punishment for Austria-Hungary, which was forced to give up significant amounts of territory and pay heavy reparations. It was one of several peace treaties signed at the end of World War I, along with the Treaty of Versailles (which dealt with Germany) and the Treaty of Trianon (which dealt with Hungary). These treaties marked the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and paved the way for the creation of several new independent states in Europe.