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Sahastra Seema Bal

Service, Security, and Brotherhood


SSB comes under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs and a part of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF), along with six other central security forces in India (Assam Rifles, Border Security Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Indo Tibetan Border Police, and National Security Guard).

Sashastra Seema Bal was founded in May 1963 as a Special Service Bureau in response to the Chinese aggression (in 1962). Sashastra Seema Bal was established under the Ministry of Home Affairs' auspices (Jan 2001). In June 2001, SSB was designated as the Lead Intelligence Agency for Indo Nepal and allocated the Indo Nepal border. SSB was then allocated the Indo-Bhutan border (March 2004).

It is decorated with President’s colors.

It is headquartered in New Delhi and three frontier headquarters are at Lucknow (UP), Patna (Bihar) and Guwahati (Assam).


The Force's charter states that it is responsible for promoting a sense of security among residents of border areas, preventing trans-border crimes and unauthorized entry or exit from Indian territory, and preventing smuggling and other illicit activities along our borders.

The Criminal Procedure Code vests the Force's personnel with a variety of capabilities to facilitate border guarding and internal security duties.


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